Dog Vomiting: Causes and How to Help Your Vomiting Dog
Why is My Dog Vomiting?
The sound of a dog about to vomit is what many pet parents hate to hear. Having a dog leaves a punch of undigested food on the carpet is the unpleasing side of becoming a dog parent. Are you wondering what causes dogs to vomit and what you can do about it? Keep reading this post to the end to get all the possible working solutions for dog vomiting.
Vomiting is when the content of the upper intestines and stomach are forcefully ejected through the mouth. The vomit contains partially digested food and has a sour smell. Vomiting can occur at any time after eating and is always preceded by symptoms of nausea such as lip licking, drooling, and swallowing. Vomiting is a sign that your dog might be sick.
Regurgitation in Dogs
Regurgitation is different from vomiting. It is a mild ejection of food that hasn’t yet made it to the stomach. Regurgitation contains undigested food. It happens a few minutes after eating. Dogs don’t show any sign when they are about to regurgitate. Many dogs regurgitate after eating too fast or too much.
Common Causes of Vomiting in Dogs
Several things can contribute to your dog throwing up. Here are some of the potential causes of dog vomiting:
Dogs vomiting undigested or partially digested food hours after eating are likely to have a gastric outflow obstruction. It is a blockage at the outlet of the dog’s stomach that interferes with the stomach’s ability to drain to the intestines. Because the food can’t get to the intestines, it is pushed back, resulting in vomiting. Most bowel obstructions occur after the dog ingesting a foreign object such as toys and bones that can’t pass through the intestines. The trapped object can also cause perforation of the intestines or stomach.
2. Inflammatory Bowel Disease
Vomiting is one of the many symptoms of inflammatory bowel disease in dogs. IBD causes inflammation of the stomach lining, small intestine, and colon. Most dogs that have IBD have a history of chronic recurrent diarrhea and vomiting. Your dog can either vomit or diarrhea or both depending on which part is affected.
3. Dietary Sensitivity
New supplements or food can cause changes in your dog’s stomach making him start vomiting. Your dog’s immune system might be reacting to the foreign proteins in the new food or supplement. The body responds with either diarrhea or vomiting, or both. Dietary sensitivity makes your dog vomit some hours after eating.
Megaoesophagus is a disorder that causes a decrease in oesophageal motility. The tube connecting the mouth and the stomach gets larger and loses its motility when its muscles weaken. That makes it harder for food to get into the stomach. When the dog eats, the food accumulates in the esophagus causing regurgitation after some time. Some of the potential causes of megaoesophagus include:
- Blockage of the esophagus by a foreign object
- Nerve damage (myasthenia gravis)
- Hormonal disease (Addison’s Disease)
- Degeneration in the spinal cord or brain
- Exposure to toxins
Inflammation of the dog’s pancreas (pancreatitis) can cause severe vomiting, fever, loss of appetite, and a painful belly. Feeding your dog with a high-fat meal increases the risk of developing this condition.
6. Acid Reflux
Acid reflux is when the dog throws up partially digested food and bile. The yellow color in the dog’s vomit is a sign that the food was past the stomach. It signifies that the small intestines are refluxing the bile back into the stomach.
Reverse motility is the primary cause of acid reflux. It occurs at night when the dog is lying because that makes it easier for the stomach content to reflux up and cause irritation of the esophagus resulting in dog vomiting.
Other potential causes of vomiting in dogs include:
- Brain tumor
- Intestinal parasites
- Ingesting poisons
- Exercising after eating
- Gastrointestinal ulcers
- Ingestion of too much battery food
- Eating poop (coprophagia)
- Drinking contaminated water
- Eating grass
- Drug side effects
- Motion sickness
When to Take a Vomiting Dog to a Vet
Knowing when to wait for the vomit to pass, when to try a home remedy, and when to take your dog to a vet is very important. Vomiting can cause dehydration, which can kill your dog. You should visit a vet if your dog:
- Is showing signs of obstruction
- Has Diarrhea
- Is lethargic
- Has enlarged abdomen
- Is geriatric
- Is a puppy
- Dry-heaving (Trying to vomit but nothing is coming out)
- Vomiting blood
- Vomiting foreign objects
- Showing signs of dehydration (urinating less, dry gums, and skin not snapping back after a gentle pull
- Ate human food
- Has a pre-existing medical condition
Take your dog to a vet immediately or as soon as possible if he is showing any of the following signs:
- Vomiting blood
- Chronic vomiting and diarrhea
- Becoming lethargic
You should also take your dog to a vet if it has eaten a known toxin or something that you suspect to be toxic.
How to Stop Dog Vomiting at Home
If your dog is not showing any of the above serious symptoms, you can try the following home remedies to stop vomiting:
1. Pepto Bismol
Talk to your vet to know whether over-the-counter Pepto Bismol is safe for your dog. Only administer this drug after he agrees. The drug contains aspirin that can cause gastrointestinal bleeding in dogs taking steroids and anti-inflammatories. Prilosec (omeprazole) and Pepcid AC (famotidine) can also help.
If your dog can keep liquids low, you can give it electrolytes to replenish his body and restore his natural state. If your dog has trouble keeping down sports drinks, you should consider freezing them in ice cube trays and then allow your dog to lick the cubes. You can also give your dog a mixture of one teaspoon of glucose monohydrate and clean water to prevent dehydration and give him an instant energy boost.
Probiotics for dogs can help soothe your dog’s stomach and promote a healthy gut. Giving your dog probiotics on a daily basis will boost gut health and lower the risks of certain gastrointestinal disorders. Many dog vets recommend Purina Fortiflora.
4. Chicken broth
Chicken broth can help cure dog vomiting. It has a high nutritional value and can help prevent dehydration. Homemade chicken broth is the best option because store-bought chicken broths contain food additives that can be toxic to your dog.